Bükk National Park - including the Bükk Mountains, a part of the Northern Mountain Range - was established on 1 January 1977 on an initial 38,774.6 hectares.; as of today it covers 43,168.8 hectares. It is the third national park in Hungary, but the first one in a mountain area. The head office was in Miskolc until 1979, but then it was moved to Eger. Ever since the head office is housed at 6 Sánc St. in Eger-Felnémet.
The decree of designation defines the following tasks:
There have been instances of extension of the national park since its designation, comprising 43,168.8 hectares as of today. This area is managed and utilized in different ways, i.e. 94.27 percent of it is forest, 3.35 percent is grassland (meadow and pasture), 1.95 percent is withdrawn from cultivation, 0.42 percent is arable land, and the remaining 0.01 percent is vineyards and orchards.
The protected area is situated in two counties, the bigger part (65 percent) in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, while the smaller part (35 percent) in Heves County.
The municipalities fully or partially overlapping the Bükk Nationa Park:
- Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County: Dédestapolcsány, Mályinka, Tardona, Varbó, Parasznya, Miskolc, Bükkszentkereszt, Kisgyőr, Sály, Kács, Cserépváralja, Cserépfalu, Bükkzsérc and Répáshuta
- Heves County: Eger, Felsőtárkány, Szarvaskő, Mónosbél, Bélapátfalva, Szilvásvárad and Nagyvisnyó
In fact, there are only three settlements that are situated within the boundaries of the national park. These are Répáshuta, Ómassa and Felsőhámor (Lillafüred). While the population of these three settlements is less than 5,000 altogether, this number ads up to over 250,000 in all the other settlements.
Some 97.7 percent of the national park is state owned, with the following managing organizations in charge: the Egererdő Forestry Company (on the western side if the Bükk), the Eszakerdő Forestry Company (on the eastern side of the Bükk), while only 2.5 percent of the area is managed by the Bükk National Park Directorate.
Utolsó módosítás: 2014. február 18., 13:49